Philip McCutcheon Armstrong, Jr.
Lieutenant Commander, United States Navy
Armstrong was killed-in-action while serving as Executive Officer of the
USS Liberty, which was bombed by Israeli planes June 8, 1967 while monitoring
radar-radio traffic during Israeli-Arab War in Middle East.
Thirteen other members of the crew were buried in a common grave as they were individually unidentifiable.
The Commander was born on 4 July 1929 at Detroit, Michigan, and had been on active duty since 5 June 1953. His wife Marie Kearney Armstrong, of Virginia Beach, Virginia, died in 1988 of cancer.
He was mortally wounded near the bridge of Liberty while attempting to extinguish a large fire. He died about 4 hours later in the battle dressing station. He posthumously received the Navy Cross for heroism during battle.
Commander Armstrong was buried in Arlington
National Cemetery, Section 3, Grave 2096-X, with military honors.
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Philip McCutcheon Armstrong, Jr. (569825/1100), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in connection with an armed attack on the U.S.S. LIBERTY (AGTR-5) in the Eastern Mediterranean, on 8 June 1967.
During the early afternoon hours, the U.S.S.
LIBERTY was attacked without warning by jet fighter aircraft and three
motor torpedo boats.
Subjected to intense incendiary, machine-gun, and rocket fire, and placed in extreme jeopardy by a torpedo hit below the waterline on the starboard side, the U.S.S. LIBERTY sustained numerous personnel casualties and severe structural damage. Serving as Executive Officer, Lieutenant Commander Armstrong was on the bridge when the first strafing attack occurred. A large fire erupted in the vicinity of two 55-gallon gasoline drums, creating the grave danger that the drums might explode and cause a widespread conflagration. Lieutenant Commander Armstrong fearlessly exposed himself to overwhelmingly accurate rocket and machine-gun fire while proceeding to jettison the gasoline drums and organizing a party of men to extinguish the blazing lifeboats nearby. At this time, he received multiple injuries which proved to be fatal a few hours after the attack terminated.
By his aggressiveness, composure under fire, and inspiring leadership, Lieutenant Commander Armstrong upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Navy Department Board of Decorations and Medals
Updated: 19 April 1999 Page Updated: 26 February 2000 Updated: 2 December 2001 Updated: 18 September 2005 Updated: 18 August 2006 Updated: 30 November 2008