ANC Website Top BANNER 2
Malcolm C. Grow
Major General, United States Air Force
Pennsylvania State Flag
Courtesy of the United States Air Force

MAJOR GENERAL MALCOLM C. GROW
Retired November 30, 1949, Died October 20, 1960 

General Grow was the first surgeon general of the U.S. Air Force (July 1, 1949 - November 30, 1949).  He received his medical degree from Jefferson Medical College in 1909 and entered the U.S. Army Medical Service in 1917.

While chief flight surgeon of the Army Air Corps (1934-39) he, in conjunction with Major General Harry G. Armstrong, founded the Aero Medical Laboratory at  right-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio.

In July 1943, General Grow received the Legion of Merit for developing body armor to protect combat crews. A study of wounds incurred by members of combat crews showed that nearly 70 percent were caused by missiles of relatively low velocity. He led the way in developing a light body armor and steel helmet that save many lives and materially improved combat crew morale.

In May 1944, General Grow was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal for  developing a device to protect gunners from windblast; electrically heated clothing, gloves, boots, handwarmers and casualty bags for wounded; wind and fire resistant face and neck protectors; and a special combat ration for use on long bombing missions. Frostbite cases decreased and flight efficiency increased. After a study of psychiatric
failures in combat, he helped institute rest homes, a new special pass system, and special training for medical officers in tactical units. As a result, every casualty of this type was returned to duty.

Such efforts, especially in research, won for him the John Jeffries Award in 1947, the Gorgas Award in 1950 and many others, including many from other nations. Just prior to his retirement, he received an oak leaf cluster to his Distinguished Service Medal for his efforts in promoting the study of aeromedicine, airborne medical equipment, and organizational planning.

General Grow was appointed acting air surgeon for the Army Air Forces in 1945 and Air Surgeon in 1946.

General Grow was buried with full military honors in Section  34 of Arlington National Cemetery.



MC Grow Gravesite PHOTO
Photo Courtesy of Russell C. Jacobs, January 2006


GROW, MALCOLM C
M/GEN USAF
DATE OF BIRTH: 11/19/1887
DATE OF DEATH: 10/20/1960
BURIED AT: SECTION 34  SITE 6-A
ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY
Posted: 5 August 2001  Updated: 3 September 2005 Updated: 28 January 2006
Distinguished Service Medal
 
 
 
 

Legion of Merit
 
 
 
 

Distinguished Flying Cross
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Bronze Star Medal